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Most Expensive Stamps in the World
 
 
 
 
Glossary
 
 

 

Terminology Description
Banner Description of the stamp as printed on the stamp.
Block A special set of mostly different stamps of the same series printed together on one small sheet (block).
Catalog A book inventorising all stamps published for a specific country with a catalogue number and an indicative price value. There are many different catalogues. Every country has a dominant and mostly different catalogue. The most famous catalogue in the US is the Scott catalogue.
Centering The way the picture/face of the stamp is inprinted on the paper. Is it right in the middle or too low, high or too much to the right or left. In general a perfect stamp has exactly the same margins left, right, top and bottom.
Coil Stamp where one or more sides are not perforated but cut in a straight line.
Face The front part of the stamp comprising of the perforation, frame and vignette. The face must be free of scratches or any other damage.
Frame The outer decorative border of the stamp. A lot of modern stamps do not have frames anymore.
First Day Cover A special commemorative envelope and stamp that is published on the day a new set of stamps is released. These are for collectors only.
Grade The overall condition of the stamp considering all factors such as perforations, centering, gum, etc Mostly categorized in Superb, Extra Fine, Fine, Very Good and Average.
Gum The side on which the stamp is attached. Postal offices use more and more stickers instead of a glue service that must be made wet to stick.
Hinged The stamp is or was hinged to paper. The gum is not intact anymore.
Perforation The way perforations are made on the sides of the stamp. These are not always the same for every side.
Pane A smaller subdivision of a sheet.
Paper There are many different types of paper stamps are printed on. The better the paper, the more it will withstand the elements of time and environment.
Plate The graphical plate that is used to print the vignette and frame of the stamp. Plate markings can be seen on the side of sheets and panes.
Sheet One large paper sheet of the same stamps as it comes of one printer run.
Unhinged The stamp was never hinged to paper. The gum is intact.
Used The stamp has been cancelled. An ink stamp was applied on the stamp.
Unused There is no cancellation ink on the stamp. The stamp can still be used.
Value Value of the stamp in local currencies. Sometimes replaced by a symbol.
Vignette The inner picture of a stamp.



 
     
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